ISTILAH MATEMATIKA DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS

Matematika kalau dalam bahasa inggris kayak gimana ya?

Learning Mathematic With English

A.     Mathematical Symbols

Math symbols
Meaningful mathematics statement
Math symbols
Meaningful mathematics statement
identically equal
¥
an infinity sign
congruent with
∈ X
an element x belongs to a set X
approximately
x ∉ X
an element x doesn’t belong to a set X
not equal to
X ⊂ Y
a set X is a subset of a set Y
less than or equal to
X ∪ Y
a union of sets X and Y
greater than or equal to
X ∩ Y
an intersection of sets X and Y
logical and
+
plus sign/added by
logical or
-
minus sign/subtracted by
for all
´
multiplication/multiplied by
there exists
¸
division/divided by
Σ
n-ary summation
Ö
square root/radical sign
Ð
Angle
^
orthogonal to/perpendicular
N
the set of natural numbers
p
pi = 3,14159…
Z
the set of whole numbers (integers)
!
factorial
R
the set of real numbers
integral
Æ
an empty set
[a,b]
a numerical sign

B.       How to say number and symbols

      

Number forms
Number forms in English
1 digit number
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
zero, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine
2 digit number
10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90
ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety
3 digit number
100, 300, 500, ...
one hundred, three hundred, five hundred, ..
4 digit number
2000, 4000, …
two thousand, four thousand, ...
5 digit number
10 000, 30 000, ...
ten thousand, thirty, thousand,...
6 digit number
300 000
three hundred thousand
7 digit number
5 000 000
five million
8 digit number
30 000 000
thirty million
9 digit number
500 000 000
five hundred million
10 digit number
2 000 000 000
two billion



C.       How to say fraction
Generally, we can say a fraction sign (ex:  a:b or a/b) with word ‘over’, for example:
a.  37:5 , it should be said as ‘thirty seven over five’.
b.3:7 , it should be said as ‘three over seven’

Note :  The upper part of fraction called a numerator, the lower part of a fraction called a denominator.

c. Some fractions already have a designated name, but the value of the numerator should not more than the value of the denominator.
Example:
½ is half
x:3   is x-third; one-third, two-thirds, not five-thirds
x:4  is x-quarter; one-quarters, three-quarters, not seven-quarters
x:5  is x-fifth; one-fifth, two-fifths, three-fifths, not nine-fifths

D.       How to say mathematical expression

Math expression
English expression
25 + 352 = 377
Twenty five plus three hundred and fifty two is three hundred and seventy seven
45 – 56 = -11
Forty five minus fifty six is negative eleven
3 × 7 = 21
Three multiplied by seven is twenty one
24 : 6 = 4
Twenty four divided by six is four
43 64
Four raised to the power of three is sixty four or four cubed is sixty four
Ö625= 25
The square root of six hundred and twenty five is twenty five
3Ö64 = 4
The cube root of sixty four is four or the third root of sixty four is four
3Ö32 = 2
The fifth root of thirty two is two
x + y = 12
x plus y is twelve
x = y – 10
The value of x is equal to the value of y minus t
y + 3
The value of x is less than the value of y plus three

E.      Mathematics In English termsBuild Flat Forms in English:


F.      Types of Angles in English:

  • Bilangan Bulat = Integers (Z)
  • Bilangan Asli = Natural number (N)
  • Bilangan Cacah = Whole number (W)
  • Bilangan Genap = Even number
  • Bilangan Ganjil = Odd number
  • Penjumlahan = Addition
  • Pengurangan = Subtraction
  • Pembagian = Divisio
  • Perkalian = Multiplication
  • Sifat asosiatif = Associative principle
  • Sifat komutatif = Commutative principle
  • Kelipatan persekutuan terkecil (KPK) = Least common multiple
  • Faktor persekutuan terbesar (FPB) = Greatest common divisor
  • Pecahan = fraction
  • Pecahan-pecahan yang senilai dan tidak senilai = Equality and inequality of rational numbers
  • Pecahan campuran = Mixed rational number
  • Desimal = Decimals
  • Operasi bilangan desimal = The operations of decimals
  • Garis bilangan = The number line
  • Bentuk baku = Scientific notation
  • Pangkat bilangan = Powers of numbers
  • Bentuk aljabar = Algebraic forms
  • Aritmatika sosial = Social arithmetic
  • Persamaan linier = Linear equations
  • Variabel = Variable
  • Pertidaksamaan linier = Linear inequalities
  • Modulus (Pengayaan) = Enrichment
  • Perbandingan = Proportion
  • Pembilang= Numerator
  • Penyebut = Denominator
  • Perbandingan seharga = Direct proportion
  • Perbandingan berbalik harga = Inverse proportion
  • Garis = Lines
  • Sudut = Angles
  • Derajat = Degrees
  • Keliling = Circumference
  • Luas = Area
  • Sisi = Side
  • Sudut dalam = Interior angle
  • Himpunan = Sets
  • Himpunan semesta = Universal set
  • Gabungan himpunan = Union of sets
  • Irisan himpunan = Intersection of sets
  • Komplemen suatu himpunan = Complement of a set
  • Diagram Venn = Venn diagrams
  • Himpunan-himpunan yang sama = Equal sets
  • Himpunan-himpunan yang ekuivalen = Equivalent sets
  • Himpunan-himpunan yang saling lepas (Saling asing) = Disjoint sets


    Referensi:
    http://shinduasha.blogspot.com/2010/02/istilah-matematika-dalam-bahasa-inggris_26.html

    Nama saya Dan Lajanto, 

    Silakan tanyakan saja untuk lebih lengkapnya ^^

    Bagikan ini

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    19 komentar

    komentar
    April 26, 2014 at 6:52 PM delete

    makasih atas materinya ya
    sangat membantu

    Reply
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    Anonymous
    May 4, 2014 at 8:00 PM delete

    masak nggak bisa di copy

    Reply
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    Anonymous
    May 4, 2014 at 8:22 PM delete

    but.. I am a jenius.. Dasar!! ngasih ilmu nggak ikhlas!! makan tuh!! tinggal printscrn lalu paste ke excel!! wollaaa genius!! furt you!!

    Reply
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    Anonymous
    February 20, 2015 at 9:05 AM delete

    Sayang ya ...anda cape bekerja tapi kurang bermamfaat.... coba di buat biar bisa di copy n edit
    makasih

    Reply
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    March 27, 2015 at 2:42 PM delete

    Thanks brother..
    Jazaakallah bihidaayatihi.
    _ ^

    Reply
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    September 20, 2015 at 8:10 PM delete

    Informasinya sangat bermanfaat mas

    Reply
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    Anonymous
    February 2, 2016 at 9:01 PM delete

    Mau nanya nih. Kalo bentuk √ istilah bahasa inggrisnya gimana? Trimakasih.

    Reply
    avatar
    February 2, 2016 at 9:26 PM delete

    Akar pangkat 2 ya .. Square root bahasa inggrisnya

    Reply
    avatar
    November 29, 2016 at 3:54 AM delete

    himpunan penyelesaian dalam b.inggris apa ya???

    Reply
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