ISTILAH MATEMATIKA DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS

Matematika kalau dalam bahasa inggris kayak gimana ya?

Learning Mathematic With English

A.     Mathematical Symbols

 Math symbols Meaningful mathematics statement Math symbols Meaningful mathematics statement ≡ identically equal ¥ an infinity sign ≅ congruent with x ∈ X an element x belongs to a set X ∼ approximately x ∉ X an element x doesn’t belong to a set X ≠ not equal to X ⊂ Y a set X is a subset of a set Y ≤ less than or equal to X ∪ Y a union of sets X and Y ≥ greater than or equal to X ∩ Y an intersection of sets X and Y ∧ logical and + plus sign/added by ∨ logical or - minus sign/subtracted by ∀ for all ´ multiplication/multiplied by ∃ there exists ¸ division/divided by Σ n-ary summation Ö square root/radical sign Ð Angle ^ orthogonal to/perpendicular N the set of natural numbers p pi = 3,14159… Z the set of whole numbers (integers) ! factorial R the set of real numbers ∫ integral Æ an empty set [a,b] a numerical sign

B.       How to say number and symbols

 Number forms Number forms in English 1 digit number 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 zero, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine 2 digit number 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety 3 digit number 100, 300, 500, ... one hundred, three hundred, five hundred, .. 4 digit number 2000, 4000, … two thousand, four thousand, ... 5 digit number 10 000, 30 000, ... ten thousand, thirty, thousand,... 6 digit number 300 000 three hundred thousand 7 digit number 5 000 000 five million 8 digit number 30 000 000 thirty million 9 digit number 500 000 000 five hundred million 10 digit number 2 000 000 000 two billion

C.       How to say fraction
Generally, we can say a fraction sign (ex:  a:b or a/b) with word ‘over’, for example:
a.  37:5 , it should be said as ‘thirty seven over five’.
b.3:7 , it should be said as ‘three over seven’

Note :  The upper part of fraction called a numerator, the lower part of a fraction called a denominator.

c. Some fractions already have a designated name, but the value of the numerator should not more than the value of the denominator.
Example:
½ is half
x:3   is x-third; one-third, two-thirds, not five-thirds
x:4  is x-quarter; one-quarters, three-quarters, not seven-quarters
x:5  is x-fifth; one-fifth, two-fifths, three-fifths, not nine-fifths

D.       How to say mathematical expression

 Math expression English expression 25 + 352 = 377 Twenty five plus three hundred and fifty two is three hundred and seventy seven 45 – 56 = -11 Forty five minus fifty six is negative eleven 3 × 7 = 21 Three multiplied by seven is twenty one 24 : 6 = 4 Twenty four divided by six is four 43 = 64 Four raised to the power of three is sixty four or four cubed is sixty four Ö625= 25 The square root of six hundred and twenty five is twenty five 3Ö64 = 4 The cube root of sixty four is four or the third root of sixty four is four 3Ö32 = 2 The fifth root of thirty two is two x + y = 12 x plus y is twelve x = y – 10 The value of x is equal to the value of y minus t x < y + 3 The value of x is less than the value of y plus three

E.      Mathematics In English termsBuild Flat Forms in English:

F.      Types of Angles in English:

• Bilangan Bulat = Integers (Z)
• Bilangan Asli = Natural number (N)
• Bilangan Cacah = Whole number (W)
• Bilangan Genap = Even number
• Bilangan Ganjil = Odd number
• Pengurangan = Subtraction
• Pembagian = Divisio
• Perkalian = Multiplication
• Sifat asosiatif = Associative principle
• Sifat komutatif = Commutative principle
• Kelipatan persekutuan terkecil (KPK) = Least common multiple
• Faktor persekutuan terbesar (FPB) = Greatest common divisor
• Pecahan = fraction
• Pecahan-pecahan yang senilai dan tidak senilai = Equality and inequality of rational numbers
• Pecahan campuran = Mixed rational number
• Desimal = Decimals
• Operasi bilangan desimal = The operations of decimals
• Garis bilangan = The number line
• Bentuk baku = Scientific notation
• Pangkat bilangan = Powers of numbers
• Bentuk aljabar = Algebraic forms
• Aritmatika sosial = Social arithmetic
• Persamaan linier = Linear equations
• Variabel = Variable
• Pertidaksamaan linier = Linear inequalities
• Modulus (Pengayaan) = Enrichment
• Perbandingan = Proportion
• Pembilang= Numerator
• Penyebut = Denominator
• Perbandingan seharga = Direct proportion
• Perbandingan berbalik harga = Inverse proportion
• Garis = Lines
• Sudut = Angles
• Derajat = Degrees
• Keliling = Circumference
• Luas = Area
• Sisi = Side
• Sudut dalam = Interior angle
• Himpunan = Sets
• Himpunan semesta = Universal set
• Gabungan himpunan = Union of sets
• Irisan himpunan = Intersection of sets
• Komplemen suatu himpunan = Complement of a set
• Diagram Venn = Venn diagrams
• Himpunan-himpunan yang sama = Equal sets
• Himpunan-himpunan yang ekuivalen = Equivalent sets
• Himpunan-himpunan yang saling lepas (Saling asing) = Disjoint sets

Referensi:
http://shinduasha.blogspot.com/2010/02/istilah-matematika-dalam-bahasa-inggris_26.html

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27 komentar

komentar

makasih atas materinya ya
sangat membantu sama sama %% Anonymous

pelit.. Anonymous

masak nggak bisa di copy Anonymous

but.. I am a jenius.. Dasar!! ngasih ilmu nggak ikhlas!! makan tuh!! tinggal printscrn lalu paste ke excel!! wollaaa genius!! furt you!! mantab...... lanjutkan Anonymous

Sayang ya ...anda cape bekerja tapi kurang bermamfaat.... coba di buat biar bisa di copy n edit
makasih Thanks brother..
Jazaakallah bihidaayatihi.
_ ^ Bodo Informasinya sangat bermanfaat mas sepp de makasih bro sepp brooo Anonymous

Mau nanya nih. Kalo bentuk √ istilah bahasa inggrisnya gimana? Trimakasih. Akar pangkat 2 ya .. Square root bahasa inggrisnya   himpunan penyelesaian dalam b.inggris apa ya??? The sets completion mau nanya, kalo barisan dan deret bahasa inggrisnya apa? Sequence and series Kalau bangun ruang sisi datar dlm bhs ing? Sequence and series Flat face three dimensional objects terima kasih Pak.   